Cosmological Argument

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Structure

The idea of an argument that:

  • An argument that supports a being that transcends the universe.
Foundation (A)

Summary

1. Whatever begins to exist has a cause.
2. The universe began to exist.
3. Therefore, the universe has a cause.

Discussion

1. Whatever begins to exist has a cause.

Something cannot come from nothing.

Physics gives examples of things coming from nothing.

The vacuum is not nothing.

Otherwise, anything and everything could come from nothing.

Experience confirms this truth.

2. The universe began to exist.

An actually infinite number of past events cannot exist.

Mathematics proves that it can.

Mathematics establishes only a universe of discourse.

We don't fully understand infinity.

Infinity is mathematically well understood.

Your absurd situations are what we should expect if an actual infinite exists.

This reply doesn't resolve the absurdities.

A series formed successively cannot be actually infinite. If it could, absurdities would result.

  • Increasing disparities would vanish.
  • One would have finished already.

From any past point we can reach the present.

This reply commits the fallacy of composition.

Expansion of the universe.

Nonstandard models of the origin of the universe exist.

Viable nonstandard models also predict a beginning.

Thermodynamics of the universe.

Models aimed at avoiding a beginning exist.

These models fail to avoid a beginning.

3. Therefore, the universe has a cause.

This follows from 1 and 2.

The universe caused itself.

Then the universe would have to exist before it came to exist.

Conclusion

1. Supports a being that transcends the universe.

As the creator of the universe, the cause cannot be in the universe.

2. Supports a being that is uncaused.

(n/a)

3. Supports a being that is spaceless.

As the creator of space, the cause cannot be in space.

4. Supports a being that is timeless.

As the creator of time, the cause cannot be in time.

5. Supports a being that is immaterial.

As the creator of material, the cause cannot be material.

6. Supports a being that is extremely powerful.

Anything which is able to create a universe out of nothing is extremely powerful.

7. Supports a being that is personal.

(n/a)


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