Matthew 5:22

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Matthew 5:22: But I say to you that whoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment. And whoever says to his brother, ‘Raca!’ shall be in danger of the council. But whoever says, ‘You fool!’ shall be in danger of hell fire.

Matthew 7:26: “But everyone who hears these sayings of Mine, and does not do them, will be like a foolish man who built his house on the sand:
Matthew 23:17-19: Fools and blind! For which is greater, the gold nor the temple that sanctifies the gold? And, ‘Whoever swears by the altar, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gift that is on it, he is obliged to perform it.’ Fools and blind! For which is greater, the gift or the altar that sanctifies the gift?
Luke 11:40: Foolish ones! Did not He who made the outside make the inside also?

Matthew 5 says that those who call people fools are liable to go to hell, but Matthew 7, Matthew 23, and Luke say that Jesus called people fools.

The verse from Matthew 5 is speaking of saying 'You fool!' to a fellow believer, as is shown by the use of the phrase 'with his brother' and 'to his brother' in the earlier two examples.

The statements Jesus made aren't included in this, and therefore don't present a contradiction.

Matthew saying that those who call other people fools will be 'in danger of hell fire' just means that calling people fools is an indicator that they're spiritually weak—and thus may indeed be on their way to hell. But calling people fools doesn't mean that you're going to hell, it's only a potential indicator.

The times Jesus used it were appropriate(i.e. they don't indicate spiritual weakness) and therefore don't present a contradiction.

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